How to start cotton waste business with investments details?

How can I start a cotton waste recycling business?


,It involves recovering old clothing and shoes for sorting and processing. End products include clothing suitable for reuse, cloth scraps or rags as well as fibrous material. Interest in garment recycling is rapidly on the rise due to environmental awareness and landfill pressure. For entrepreneurs, it provides a business opportunity. In addition, various charities also generate revenue through their collection programs for old clothing.

Garment recycling involve a series of sequential activities as outlined below:

Creating awareness of clothing recycling

Website information. A basic step for garment recyclers is to raise public awareness with information about the importance and benefits of donating used items like clothing and shoes. As such, recycling companies often provide educational materials at their websites regarding garment recycling and its importance. They may also explain what items they accept for recycling.

Informative bins and truck signage. Other approaches to raising awareness truck and bin markings. Colorful bins help describe what articles of clothing are accepted and what charity benefits from the contribution. Truck signage can be useful in raising awareness, for example, of home pickup programs for old clothing.


Clothing recyclers use a variety of strategies for picking up clothing. Post-consumer clothing is picked up generally from bins placed in public places, as well as from clothing drives and door-to-door collection.

Bins are typically placed strategically in public places like parking lots in business centers and shopping malls. Colorful bins are positioned in high traffic, high visibility locations to help maximize donations.





One recent development has been the partnering of leading retailers with garment recycling companies such as I:Co.

Clothing sorting

Once collected, clothing is classified into three groups: reuse, rags, and fiber. Typically this is a manual sorting process that requires expertise in identifying various types of material. The process can be aided by such mechanical systems as conveyor belts and bins to segregate various grades of material. There is, however, at least one initiative to automate the sorting process, known as Textiles4Textiles.

Recyclers report that about one-half of donated garments can be reused. Some recyclers bale this clothing for export to developing countries, while some garments are used domestically for sale in thrift shops. Industrial cloth rags and wipes are another important residual of the recycling process. Additionally, clothing may be reduced to fibrous material.


Textile fabric and clothing commonly consist of composites of synthetic plastics and cotton (biodegradable material). The composition will influence its method of recycling and durability.

Collected clothing is sorted and graded by highly experienced and skilled workers.

These sorted items are sent to different destinations as outlined.

For natural textiles, incoming items are sorted in terms of color and material. By segregating colors, the need for re-dying can be eliminated, reducing the need for pollutants and energy. Then the clothing is torn into sloppy fibers and combined with other chosen fibers, conditional on the planned end use of the recycled fiber. Once cleaned and spun, fibers can be compressed for use in mattress production. Textiles which are sent to the flocking industry are used to produce filling material for furniture padding, panel linings, loudspeaker cones, and car insulation.

The recycling process works somewhat differently for polyester-based materials. In this case, the first thing is to remove zippers and buttons and then to cut the clothing into smaller pieces




How To Start A Cotton waste Business?- A Sustainable Way to Success!

Cotton Waste Recycling

The covid-19 pandemic has driven consumers to demand more responsible and sustainable products. They are turning their backs on fast fashion and demanding more circular products. Textile recycling is an innovation that drives significant change in the energy and fashion sectors. A huge amount of used but wearable clothing goes to landfills every year. Just 12% of the clothing sold globally each year is recycled.
The rest is down-cycled to make products like insulation. Our current obsession with “fast fashion” is aggravating the situation. Textile recycling involves the process of material recovery and reuse of old fabric from clothes or upholsteries. It is then reprocessed to form useful products. 90% of used textiles are recyclable. The global textile recycling market grew at a CAGR of 19% during 2014-2019

Textile/ Cotton waste Recycling Business



If we manage to recycle 100%, then our total carbon, water, and waste footprint will be reduced by as much as 20%. A study has revealed that 82% of what we consider as ‘textile waste’, can be recycled and resold; so it can be a huge supply chain for the brands. Many big companies are investing heavily in hydrothermal and mechanical textile waste recycling processes that will enable cellulose from textiles to be efficiently recycled.
It will then be used for spinning, weaving, knitting, and dyeing, thus covering the full fashion value chain. Textile waste recycling business involves sorting and processing old clothes, fabric, or unwanted textiles, so that the raw materials of which they are made, can be recovered. The end products can be clothing suitable for reuse, fibres, or rags and scraps. You can resell these products back to the fashion industry, and earn some income in the process


शुरू करे पुराने कपड़ो के रीसाइक्लिंग का व्यवसाय || Start Fabric Waste Recycling Business



 Different Types Of Textile/ Cotton Waste

Textile wastes are of two types, depending on the place of origin: post-consumer wastes and post-industry wastes. Post-consumer wastes are those that are no longer needed and discarded from households. Post-industry wastes are those that are generated as by-products of apparel or home-furnishing industries. They are considered the purest form of waste since they are without any contamination.

Textile Waste Recycling includes:

  • Clothes
  • Shoes
  • Cushions, Pillows
  • Bags
  • Bedsheets, Duvets, Curtains, Table cloths
  • Curtains

How cotton waste is made?

Cotton can be recycled from pre-consumer (post-industrial) and post-consumer cotton waste. … During the recycling process, the cotton waste is first sorted by type and color and then processed through stripping machines that break the yarns and fabric into smaller pieces before pulling them apart into fiber

Cotton waste Business Benefits

Another innovative way to collect would be to institute a curb-side pick-up system, similar to trash pick-up. You could deploy a truck carrying a sign for this purpose. Train your driver to pick the clothes by hand, and put them in the truck to be finally brought to the sorting warehouse. Another strategy to collect clothing could be to organise door-to-door collections or pick-ups. It is important to note that mildew can grow on wet textiles that leave them unusable. So better keep them away from moisture. Make sure to keep the drop-boxes covered and well protected from water or any moisture contact. You can also partner with a few retailers so that you can collect their unsold clothes or samples. In this way, these clothes won’t find their way to a landfill.

1- Sorting

If you intend to do manual sorting, you need to hire experienced workers who can distinguish the different types of fabrics; for example, differentiate cashmere and wool by touch. For bulk work, you will need equipment like bins and conveyor belts to sort the incoming textiles based on the colour and the type of materials. After sorting out anything that is still wearable, the balance should be segregated into different categories. One category would be those textiles that can be used to make new clothing. The good quality garments can be sold in the second-hand market.
About 45% of the collected clothing is usable and 10% wearable. One category of fabrics can be cut down to make industrial wiping rags. For this, old t-shirts are preferred, because their cotton fibers are absorbent. The low-quality ones can be ground to make carpet padding or to convert into fibers. All buttons and rivets on the clothes have to be removed. Bulkier items like blankets and coats should be kept separately. Cotton can be recycled back to cotton, and the same with polyester; so those fabrics have to be labelled.

2- Estimate The Cost

You should calculate the cost of collecting the old textiles, as also the cost of transporting it for sale.
How To Start A Textile Recycling Business?

3- Finance

Textile recycling is a capital intensive business. To manage it you are going to incur a lot of expenses like chemicals, cost of equipment, staff wages, energy, site rental, and transport. Therefore, you have to have a financial plan in space. You need to put up the start-up capital and the working capital.

4- Identify A Buyer

After you have collected the old clothes, the next step is to find someone who will purchase your goods. It can be a textile mill, or a shop, or an arts and crafts store. Remember that the price that you will negotiate with them should cover your operating costs, and leave you with a profit. One-half of donated garments can be resold to developing countries or thrift shops.

5- Invest In Machinery

If you have the funds, you can set up a textile recycling plant yourself. For that, you have to invest in textile cutting and shredding machines to convert the left-over textiles into usable fibres that can be utilised for insulation or sound-proofing. A recycling machine can process up to 200 kgs of textiles per day. Balers are machines that compress waste items into blocks.
Polyester textile waste that contains a high percentage of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) can be transformed into clear, plastic bottles. For this, you will need a machine to granulate the item. They can also be melted and used to create new polyester fibres. So, you might need to buy multiple recycling machines to operate. This is a huge business opportunity worth crores.

6- Re-design Of Used Clothing

This is a very popular concept in the west. You can hire a designer to convert the used clothing into vintage clothes.

7- Production Unit

Further down the line, you can open a factory where fabrics will be opened, carded, spun into yarns, and transformed into knit fabrics. Some fibres can be compressed for textile filling, like in mattresses. Recycled yarns can be reused to make luxury blankets, or even new wool, depending on the fibre quality.
Old Clothes Recycling Business

6. Old Clothes Recycling Business Website Information

You can create a website, and put all the information about the importance of clothes cotton waste recycling business, for educating the public. It has been estimated that about 7% of the average trash in a household comprises textiles. Textile recycling offers several economic and environmental benefits; so, it is a great ‘social business’ to be a part of. Go for it if you are truly aligned with the cause and you can connect with like minded people.

FAQs on How To Start A Textile Recycling Business

Q. How do I start a textile recycling business?

Ans- By ensuring the supply of unwanted textiles. You can arrange textilerecycling drop-boxes, and put them in strategic places in your neighbourhood; local schools, places of worship, are good ideas. You then start a campaign, telling the residents to put their old clothes in those boxes.

Q. What is textile waste recycling?

Ans- Textile waste recycling or Textile recycling is a fibre, fabric or yarn recovering process and reprocessing the textile matter into other useful products. The textile waste is collected from various sources and then sorted then processed depending on its current condition, design, and resale worth.

Q. What are textiles for recycling?


Ans- There are a lot of textiles that can be easily recycled. Some of the unwanted clothing along with items like-


  1. Clothes
  1. Bags

  1. Belts
  1. Curtains
  1. Lingerie
  1. Odd Socks
  1. Towels
  1. Blankets

Q. Why is textile recycling important?

Ans- By re-using the extant fibres and textiles, it diminishes the requirement for recently manufactured fibres. This help in saving water, energy, colourants and chemicals, which then results in lesser pollution.
Q. Which recycling business is most profitable?


Ans- These are some of the topmost profitable things to recycle:

  • Aluminium foils and medicinal packaging
  • Wood waste
  • Light Bulbs
  • Newspapers, Books, Magazines, etc.
  • Cosmetics & Food Packaging
  • Defective or old electronics
  • Dry ink cartridges
  • Car batteries & Tires
  • Glassware & Plastic Bottles
  • Scrap Metal
  • Aluminium Cans

Q. How does textile recycling work?


Ans- Textile recycling is an innovation that drives significant change in the energy and fashion sectors. A huge amount of used but wearable clothing goes to landfills every year.

Q. What percentage of textiles can be recycled?


Ans- Around 13% of textiles including footwear and clothing can be recycled. In the textile recycling business, this percentage is considered highly profitable in the industry.

Q. How much does it cost to start a recycling business?


Ans- A factory set up for old clothes recycling business or a textile recycling business can cost you around 5 to 10 Lakh Rupees in India. While the machinery set up can go anywhere from 3 lakhs to 40 and more depending on the sizes and capacity of them.

Q. How is textile waste recycled?

Ans- Textile waste is recycled by Mechanical processing.

Q. Where does textile recycling go?


Ans- In India, the textile percentage of post-consumer apparel that goes into this sector cannot be determined. India recycles pre-consumer textile excess from the productions and converts it into threads, which are finally spun into cloths.


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