India records its warmest days in past 121 years

India records its warmest days in past 121 years:- The analysis of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) has shown
that India has recorded its warmest March days, on average, in 121
years. The maximum Temperature crossed 1.86 degree Celsius on an
average. Heatwaves are also recorded in Northwest and central India in
the ending of March 2022.

India records its warmest days in past 121 years
India records its warmest days

India records its warmest days in past 121 years REASONS

The main reasons were the lack of rainfall and consistent hot and dry
winds that was blowing into central and northwest India. The skies
were also cloudless due to which the Earth was directly exposed to the
sun’s rays, thus, pushing the temperatures higher. Also, there was a
lack of rainfall due to which this heat increased. Global warming
across the globe is also one of the reasons for the record rise in
temperature

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AVERAGE TEMPERATURE IN MARCH 2022-

In March 2022, the average maximum, minimum, and mean temperatures
that were recorded were 33.10°C, 20.24°C, and 26.67°C respectively.
The normal temperature is considered as 31.24°C, 18.87°C, and 25.06°C
which is based on the averages for the time period of 1981-2010.

EXPERTS VEIWS REGARDING THIS

Experts said the trend, the outcome of unusual wind patterns, could be linked to the climate
crisis. “Lack of rainfall is one reason for this heat“. There were two heatwave events also in the
month of March. There was an anti-cyclonic circulation which led to advection of heat from the
western side to north and central India. Overall global warming is also one of the main reasons.
Even during La Nina events we are often recording very high temperatures, said OP Sreejith,
head, climate monitoring and prediction group, IMD, Pune.

NORTHHWEST INDIA

Over northwest India, the average maximum temperature in March was the highest with a
departure of 3.91°C above normal. The average minimum temperature – or night temperature —
was the second highest since 1901 with a departure of 2.53°C above normal. The mean daily
temperature was the second highest with departure of 3.22°C above normal.

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CENTRAL INDIA

Over Central India, this March was the second warmest in 121 years in terms
of maximum temperatures; third warmest in terms of mean temperatures and
fourth warmest in terms of minimum temperatures.

Conclusion

It was the warmest March for east and northeast India in terms of daily mean
temperatures; second warmest when it comes to minimum temperatures and
fourth warmest when it comes to maximum temperatures

FACTS AND REPORTS

The country recorded 8.9 mm, which is 71% less than its long period average (LPA) of
30.4 mm recorded between 1961 to 2010. The last time there was scantier rain in
March was in the years 1909 (7.2 mm) and 1908 (8.7 mm).
The number of heat wave days in a decade has increased from 413 in the 1981-90
decade to 575 in 2001-10 and further to 585 to 600 in 2010-20, highlighting the impact
the climate crisis is having on maximum temperatures.
These are the findings of an ongoing study by the Kottayam based Institute for Climate
Change Studies (ICCS) and India Meteorological Department. Heat wave trends for
1961 to 2010 period were published by the team of researchers in a book titled
Observed Climate Variability and Change Over the Indian Region in 2016. The
analysis is being presently updated.
In the hot weather season of April-June, most of the 103 weather stations being studied
for heatwave occurrence in India have either recorded an increasing or a significantly
increasing trend in heatwave frequency between 1961 to 2020.
In comparison to the 1961 to 1990 period, the regions with more than 8 heat wave days
on an average in the April, May and June season has increased significantly spatially
between 1991 to 2020 period based on spatial mapping by the institute.

WHAT MUST BE DONE?

The primary reasons for this are apparently climate change and global warming, which
is mainly caused due to excessive contamination of greenhouse gases in our
atmosphere.
The chief greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone.
These gases, when present in unbalanced amounts, result in global warming. Global
warming can wipe out the entire human population from the surface of the earth and
therefore, must be curbed at the earliest. While the damage cannot be reversed, we can
ensure that the effects are controlled to some extent. The first thing we need to do is
lead a mass afforestation drive. Next, we can shift from conventional sources of energy
like petroleum to cleaner ones like solar and wind energy.
!!SAVE EARTH, SAVE LIVES!!

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