“The right to education(rti) summary“; A Bollywood movie starring Abhishek Bachchan and Yami Gautam in lead roles has been
released on OTT. The movie is based on a chief minister who is in jail, but still whole cycle of his states
political affairs is in his hands. The movie throws light on the importance of education and the well
known law for education in India: RTI. The CM tries to pass class 10 exams from jail, the tagline of the
movie itself says- Passing class 10 from Jail is my right to education.
Introduction of right to education(rti) summary
“Education is the great engine of personal development”. It is through education
that the daughter of a peasant can become a doctor, that the son of a
mineworker can become the head of the mine, that a child of farm workers can
become the president of a great nation. The right to education (rti) summary It is what we make out of what we
have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another.
PURVEIW AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL
“Everyone has the “The right to education (rti) summary”. Education shall be free, at least in the
elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory.
Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and
higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.-Article
26 of UDHR.
The theme of access to education for the masses resonated throughout the
nationalist movement. Mahatma Gandhi made the same demand but dropped it
on being told that universal elementary education could be made possible by
the colonial government only from liquor proceeds!
Constituent Assembly as Fundamental Right
After independence, while the “The Right to Education(rti) summary” was sought by some members
of the Constituent Assembly to be included as a fundamental right, it was
eventually included as a Directive Principle of State Policy, which is of a non
judicial nature, under Article 45, which reads-
“The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the
commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all
children until they complete the age of fourteen years. In 2002, the 86th
amendment was introduced, which inserted Article 21A of the constitutionmaking the “The Right to Education(rti) summary” within the age bracket of 6 to 14 years a
fundamental right, though, within the ambit of statutory provisions introduced
by the State. Article 45 was also amended, to now read the following-
“The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all
children until they complete the age of six years.”
Subsequently, in 2009, new legislation, the Right of Children to Free and
Compulsory Education Act, popularly known as the “The Right to Education (RTE) Summary” Act
was introduced in this regard, which has substantially increased enrolment, but
there are serious debates relating to the same.
The RTE Act has placed its monitoring on the National Commission for
Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) and its counterparts in the states, the State
Commissions for the Protection of Child Rights (SCPCRs), constituted under the
Commissions for the Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005.”The Right to Education(rti) summary” Its objective is to
safeguard child rights (their mandate includes a host of issues like child labour,
children on railway platforms, children in juvenile justice homes, health
concerns of children, children in reality shows, etc.), the responsibility of
monitoring the Right to Education Act, giving it the same powers in this regard
as it has under the same statute under which it has been constituted.
These powers amount to conducting investigations and forwarding the matter to the
concerned executive or judicial authorities as also carrying out academic
surveys concerning child rights. Its powers also encompass receiving complaints
of child rights violations “The Right to Education(rti) summary” (and in this context, any violation of the RTE Act) or
taking suo moto cognizance of them and making policy recommendations as to
statutory modifications in this field.
It may also organize public hearings at the request of some voluntary organisation and only when the concerned executive
departments have failed to take up due action, but the result of such hearings
can evidently be challenged in a court of law.” The Right to Education(rti) summary” However, the NCPCR cannot
castigate any bureaucrat for incompetence in complying with the directives.
In conclusion, the NCPCR as a body (and this also equally applies to the
SCPCRs) can have significant efficiency only if it has more authority to
implement its decisions and reprimand government officers for non-compliance
by way of fines and by having that non-compliance included in their reports to
be considered for their promotions.
The Central information Commission(CIC)
The Central Information Commission (CIC)
has that power with reference to monitoring the RTI Act, and the CIC has
played a main role in taking on all political parties on the issue of black money.
Till the NCPCR is given such authority, “The Right to Education(rti) summary” it sadly just remains a toothless tiger!
With these bottlenecks removed, the RTE Act can be an even more effective
instrument for empowering our future generations.